Roman Doric
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A common version of the simplest and plainest of the three main classical orders, which features a frieze with triglyphs and metopes. A Roman Doric column has a simple round capital with a narrow neck band and a plain or fluted shaft. Compare Greek Doric.
The dominant style of Western Europe in the 11th and 12th centuries. It is associated especially with the expansion of monasticism and the building of large stone churches, and is characterized by massive masonry, round-headed arches and vaulting inspired by ancient Roman precedent, and by the use of stylized ornament. In England it is commonly known as Norman.
Crucifix flanked by the Virgin and St John, usually over the entry into the chancel, set on a beam (rood beam) or painted on the wall. The rood screen below often had a walkway along the top, reached by a rood stair in the side wall.
Rope moulding
A moulding like twisted strands of a rope; also called cable moulding.
A flat circular ornament in the shape of a flower.
Rose window
Circular window with tracery radiating from the centre.
Building or room circular in plan.
Wall plaster mixed with a coarse aggregate such as gravel.
(Scots): A rounded bartizan or turret, usually roofless. An angle round is set at a corner.
Roving bridge
(canals): A bridge carrying a towing path from one bank to the other.