Bents Green Methodist Church

Bents Green Methodist Church, opened in 1931, was designed by Hale and completed after his death by his former pupil and associate, G. R. Bower. Simpler than Banner Cross, it shares with it the use of red brick arches to contrast with the stonework. While Banner Cross retained some GothicGlossary Term references in its traceryGlossary Term, at Bents Green only the vertical emphasis of the buttresses remains to remind us of Hale's pre 1914 work. The extreme rectangularity of the decoration around the porch almost has traces of Art DecoGlossary Term in it, summing up how far Hale had moved since his early free PerpendicularGlossary Term churches.

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Sheffield, Bents Green Methodist Church, Ringinglow Road


Art Deco

An inter-war style of bold simplified patterns and bright colours, often combining self-consciously up-to-date motifs with others derived from non-European or ‘primitive’ art. The name derives from the Exposition Internationale des Arts D


The style of the Middle Ages from the later 12th century to the Renaissance, with which it co-existed in certain forms into the 17th century. Characterized in its full development by the pointed arch, the rib-vault and an often skeletal masonry structure for churches, combined with large glazed windows. The term was originally associated with the concept of the barbarian Goths as assailants of classical civilization.


English version of late Gothic, developed from the 1320s, which continued into the early 16th century; sometimes abbreviated to Perp. Characterised by large windows with a grid pattern of mullions and transoms, with the mullions continuing to the head to the arch, which is often of flattened or four-centred form. This motif of panel tracery is used also for wall decoration, and on the fan vaults that were used for the most prestigious buildings.


Openwork pattern of masonry or timber in an opening, especially the upper part of an opening; most common in Gothic architecture. Blind tracery is applied to a solid wall. Plate tracery, the earliest form, introduced c. 1200, has shapes cut through solid masonry. Bar tracery, introduced c. 1250, has patterns are formed by intersecting moulded ribwork continuing upwards from the mullions. Bar tracery types include: curvilinear tracery, with uninterrupted flowing curves, typical of the 14th century (also called flowing tracery); geometrical tracery, typical of c.1250-c.1310, which uses simple forms, especially circles, chiefly foiled; intersecting tracery, used c. 1300, formed by interlocking mullions each branching out in two curved bars of the same radius but different centres; loop tracery (Scots), used c. 1500-45, with large uncusped loop-like forms; panel tracery, with even upright divisions made by a horizontal transom or transoms; reticulated tracery, early 14th century, with net-like patterns of ogee- (double-curved) ended lozenges; Y-tracery, used c. 1300, which branches into a Y-shape.