There is a large body of research on Manchester's history and architecture; bibliographies and notes in the publications mentioned here will augment this necessarily brief introduction.
Those interested in carrying out more detailed research can consult The Department of the Environment List of Buildings of Historic and Architectural Interest for the City of Manchester published in 1994. The local history and archive sections of the Manchester Central Reference Library have extensive collections including local journals of relevance. Local collections may also be found at the Greater Manchester County Record Office, the John Rylands Library on Deansgate and Chetham's Library. The Sites and Monuments Record can be consulted at Manchester University where there is a collection of English Heritage reports on individual buildings (also available at the National Monuments Record, Swindon) and reports produced by the University of Manchester ArchaeologicalGlossary Term Unit. Manchester architecture and architects are the subject of several of the theses and dissertations of the University of Manchester including studies of Richard Lane, William Fairbairn, N. F. Cachemaille-Day, the Manchester churches of E. W Pugin and so-on.
http://www.manchester.gov.uk/visitorcentre/ is the site of the Manchester City Council Tourist Office which has short virtual guides to important buildings, industrial Manchester and so on.
In architecture, the accurate detailed use of a revived style, e.g. Greek or Gothic; hence archaeologically correct.