Pubs 5 & 6

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London, St James's Tavern
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London, St James's Tavern

THE ST JAMES'S TAVERN, Denham Street. 1896 by W.M. Brutton, a specialist pub architect. The ornate style, similar to that of the Tottenham, follows on from the new architecture of Shaftesbury Avenue just to the south, built up about ten years before. The thin corner turret is a typical feature.

Tile pictures were common ornaments to late Victorian pubs, though few survive. At the St James's Tavern the makers were Doulton's of Lambeth.

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London, The Red Lion

THE RED LION, No. 20 Great Windmill Street (since renamed Be At One, and no longer a true pub). Typical of the most common mid-Victorian style for pubs and ordinary houses, derived from the town palaces of the Italian RenaissanceGlossary Term. The style married well with the older, GeorgianGlossary Term tradition of proportions, which could easily be dressed up with stuccoGlossary Term ornament in the new style. This seems to have been what happened here, in 1866.



The architecture of the British Isles in the reigns of George I, II, III and IV, i.e. 1714-1830, in which the classical style and classical proportions became the norm for both major and minor buildings.


The revival of classical architecture that began in 15th-century Italy and spread through Western Europe and the Americas in the following two centuries, finding distinctive forms and interpretations in different states and regions. From c. 1830 the Italian version was revived in Britain as a style in its own right (sometimes called Neo-Renaissance or Italianate), i.e. as distinguished from the native Georgian classical tradition.


A durable lime plaster, sometimes incorporating marble dust. It can be shaped into ornamental or architectural features, or used externally as a protective coating.