Gustav Adolfs Kyrka

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Liverpool, Gustav Adolfs Kyrka

The Swedish Seamen's Church, 1883-4, is a fancifully picturesqueGlossary Term early work by W.D. Caröe. He obtained the commission through his father, then Danish Consul in Liverpool. Red brick, roughly square in plan, but rising to a higher octagonal centre under a pyramid roof. Scandinavian features include stepped gables and the concave-sided lead-covered timber spireGlossary Term over the entrance. Octagonal interior with pointed wooden vaultGlossary Term, now horizontally divided at galleryGlossary Term level. The pastor's house, left, is integrated.



A long room or passage; an upper storey above the aisles of a church, looking through arches to the nave; a balcony or mezzanine overlooking the main interior space of a building; or an external walkway.


An approach to architecture and landscape design first defined by English theorists in the later 18th century. Characterized in architecture by irregular forms and textures, sometimes with the implication of gradual growth or decay, and in planning by a preference for asymmetrical layouts that composed into attractive views. Its influence continued into the 20th century, for instance in the arrangement of some post-war New Towns.


Tall pyramidal or conical feature crowning a tower or turret. Broach: starting from a square base, then carried into an octagonal section by means of triangular faces. Splayed-foot: variation of the broach form, found in England principally in the south-east, in which the four cardinal faces are splayed out near their bases, to cover the corners, while oblique (or intermediate) faces taper away to a point. Needle spire: thin spire rising from the centre of a tower roof, well inside the parapet.


An arched stone roof, sometimes imitated in timber, plaster etc. For the different kinds see barrel vault, fan-vault, groin-vault, rib-vault, sail vault.