In the wake of Thornton's buildings other developers' focussed their attentions on the old yards: downhill and parallel to Thornton's ArcadeGlossary Term is the QUEEN'S ARCADEGlossary Term of 1889 by Edward Clark of London (where, like George Smith, Clark designed music halls). It was built on the site of the Rose-and-CrownGlossary Term Yard and was more ambitious than Thornton's in that it also included an hotel. Its main front faces Lands Lane - a classicalGlossary Term stuccoGlossary Term facade of four storeys.
The rather garish interior, restored in 1991-2, has modern shop fronts but much to enjoy. Pilasters with ornate capitals separate the ground floor shops; the division continues between former small shops and offices at galleryGlossary Term level, into which lightGlossary Term is reflected by white glazed bricks. The galleryGlossary Term is no longer accessible although the top of a spiral stairGlossary Term is visible at the Briggate end. The upper floor on the south side was designed as a separate 'street' of small shops opening off the balcony, each having a kitchen and bedroom above arcadeGlossary Term roof level. On the N side the Queens ArcadeGlossary Term Hotel, with entrances on the ground floor and on the galleryGlossary Term where there was an office, bar, two billiard rooms and a smoke room. The rhythm is followed in the pierced arched cast ironGlossary Term roof trusses supporting the glass roof.
Series of arches supported by piers or columns (compare colonnade). Blind arcade or arcading: the same applied to the wall surface. Wall arcade: in medieval churches, a blind arcade forming a dado below windows. Also a covered shopping street.
Small supporting piece of stone, etc., to carry a projecting horizontal member; hence also bracket-cornice.
Hard and brittle iron, cast in a mould to the required shape rather than forged. Compare wrought iron.
A term used for the architecture of Ancient Greece and Rome, revived at the Renaissance and subsequently imitated around the Western world. It uses a range of conventional forms, the roots of which are the orders, or types of column each with its fixed proportions and ornaments (especially Doric, Ionic and Corinthian). Classical buildings tend also to be symmetrical, both externally and on plan. Classical architecture in England began c. 1530 with applied ornamental motifs, followed within a few decades by fully-fledged new buildings.
The upper part of an arch or vault.
A long room or passage; an upper storey above the aisles of a church, looking through arches to the nave; a balcony or mezzanine overlooking the main interior space of a building; or an external walkway.
Compartment of a window defined by the uprights or mullions.
A stair in a circular well with a central supporting newel. Also called a vice or (Scots) turnpike stair.
A durable lime plaster, sometimes incorporating marble dust. It can be shaped into ornamental or architectural features, or used externally as a protective coating.
Last updated: Monday, 26th January 2009