Looking at Buildings

, printed from the Looking at Buildings website on Thursday 7th July 2022

The 19th Century Church

classicalGlossary Term [1] or GothicGlossary Term [2] style (the latter being found to be cheaper).

GothicGlossary Term [3] style became almost universal, at first it studiously imitated medieval precedent, led by the example of the architect A.W.N. Pugin. Later churches became more inventive as architects drew on a wide range of GothicGlossary Term [4] traditions, both English and continental, to develop new designs for the needs of the 19th century.

chancelGlossary Term [5] and sanctuaryGlossary Term [6], in reaction to 18th century practice; each was raised up steps, and the chancelGlossary Term [7] made large enough to accommodate a choirGlossary Term [8]. Separate chapels, especially a 'Lady ChapelGlossary Term [9]' in medieval fashion, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, became popular from the later 19th century. In older buildings, enthusiasm for the GothicGlossary Term [10] tradition led to much restoration and improvement, not always historically authentic. Chancels were rebuilt, galleries and later ceilings were removed and high box pews replaced by benches or chairs. Medieval-style carving, stained glass and wall painting were introduced. New vestries, an organ chamber, and provision for heating were other common additions.

Last updated: Saturday, 25th April 2009