Carved ornament of leaves and flowers as a termination or finial on top of a bench end or stall.
Portal frame
A single-storey frame used from the 20th century, comprising two uprights rigidly connected to a beam or pair of rafters, particularly to support a roof.
Gate constructed to rise and fall in vertical grooves at the entry to a castle.
Porte coch
(French, lit. gate for coaches): Porch large enough to admit wheeled vehicles.
A porch with the roof and frequently a pediment supported by a row of columns. Porticoes are described by the number of columns, e.g. distyle (two), tetrastyle (four), hexastyle (six), octostyle (eight). A prostyle portico has columns standing free. A portico in antis has columns on the same plane as the front of the building. Blind portico: the front features of a portico applied to a wall; also called a temple front.
Porticus (plural: porticus)
Subsidiary room or cell opening from the main body of an Anglo-Saxon church.
Portland stone
A hard, durable white limestone from the Isle of Portland in Dorset. Portland roach is rough-textured and has small cavities and fossil shells.
Upright support in a structure.
Small gateway at the back of a building, especially a castle or gatehouse, or to the side of a larger entrance door or gate.
A much-debated cultural label, used in the architectural world since the 1970s to denote the reuse of motifs from historical styles, in contexts where a Modernist approach would have omitted them. Postmodern buildings often mix these in a knowing or ironical way, sometimes in combination with new materials and for non-traditional functions.